The Volkswagen SP (Typ 149) was introduced in 1972 by VW do Brasil. Volkswagen do Brazil always had some degree of independence from Wolfsburg, so a team led by Mr. Schiemann and supported by Rudolf Leiding started work on "Project X", and presented a prototype in 1971.
The SP (stands for Sao Paulo), built on the frame of a Brazilian Type 3, was designed by Márcio Piancastelli, José Vicente Martins Novita and George Yamashita Oba. Initially the car was available with two engines, the SP1 with an air cooled 1600 cc engine producing 48 kW, and the SP2 with a 1700 cc air cooled engine developing 56 kW. 10.193 Volkswagen SP were built between June 1972 and February 1976, only 162 of which were of the type SP1. Only 50 were imported in Europe.